Prior to the mid-twentieth century, the Democratic Party had a stranglehold on Tennessee politics, winning every gubernatorial election from 1914 to 1966. However, in the 1960s, the Republican Party began to gain momentum in the state. In 1964, Tennessee voted for Republican presidential candidate Barry Goldwater, and in 1966, Howard Baker became the first Republican senator from Tennessee since Reconstruction. This marked a turning point in the state's political landscape, and the Tennessee Republican Party began to grow in strength and influence.
Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, the Tennessee Republican Party continued to make gains, electing more and more candidates to state and national office. In 1971, Dr. Winfield Dunn became the first Republican governor of Tennessee in 50 years, and he was followed by Lamar Alexander, who took office in 1979.
The party continued to expand its influence in the state, and in 1994, Republicans gained control of the Tennessee House of Representatives for the first time in 122 years. Today, the Tennessee Republican Party is a major force in state politics, with a majority in both the state House and Senate, as well as both of the state's U.S. Senate seats.
After the 2021 redistricting, the Davidson County Republican Party (DCRP) helped elect three U.S. Congressman whose districts represent all of Davidson County and most of Middle Tennessee. In addition, Nashville gained a Republican state senator who represents a large portion of eastern Davidson County. After the 2022 elections, a renewed energy has emerged in Nashville, being fueled by Blue State Refugees who are moving to the Middle Tennessee area in droves to escape oppressive democrat governments. They all have learned the lessons of Democrat run cities, and have shared values.